Countries of Europe (list and map; 2024)

European countries1. INTRODUCTION

#QuestionHow many countries are there in Europe?

Below you can find a list and a map with the current 50 sovereign states of this continent (2024).

I hope you find the information interesting.



  1. Albania
  2. Andorra
  3. Armenia (*)
  4. Austria
  5. Azerbaijan (*)
  6. Belarus
  7. Belgium
  8. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  9. Bulgaria
  10. Croatia
  11. Cyprus (*)
  12. Czech Republic
  13. Denmark
  14. Estonia
  15. Finland
  16. France
  17. Georgia (*)
  18. Germany
  19. Greece
  20. Hungary
  21. Iceland
  22. Ireland
  23. Italy
  24. Kazakhstan (*)
  25. Latvia
  26. Liechtenstein
  27. Lithuania
  28. Luxembourg
  29. Macedonia
  30. Malta
  31. Moldova
  32. Monaco
  33. Montenegro
  34. Norway
  35. Poland
  36. Portugal
  37. Romania
  38. Russia (*)
  39. San Marino
  40. Serbia
  41. Slovakia
  42. Slovenia
  43. Spain
  44. Sweden
  45. Switzerland
  46. The Netherlands
  47. Turkey (*)
  48. Ukraine
  49. United Kingdom
  50. Vatican City

(*) Those countries with an asterisk are geographically or politically Eurasian countries. More information [HERE].



European countries

Location of the European countries. (*) Kosovo is not a sovereign country. More info [HERE].


  • Kosovo is not a sovereign country (yet) as its territory is currently disputed with Serbia. It is not a member of the United Nation and only 57 % of all the world countries recognize it as a sovereign state (110 out of 194).
  • Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia: politically they can be considered European countries (they belong to the Council of Europe¹ and the European Union considers them European countries²); geographically they are Eurasian countries (located in the Caucasus, imaginary limit between Europe and Asia).
  • Cyprus: politically it is a European country (it is a member state of the European Union²); geographically, it is an Asian country3 and 4.
  • Kazakhstan: Politically, it is usually considered an Asian country3 and 4; geographically it is a Eurasian country (the majority of the country is located in Asia except for the western part located west of the Ural River).
  • Russia: politically it has influence both in Europe and in Asia (the European Union considers it a European country², the RSA considers it Eurasian4); geographically it has 40% of its territory in Europe.
  • Turkey: politically it can be considered a European country (it is a candidate member to join the European Union²); Geographically the majority of the country is located in Asia with the exception of the East Thrace region.



Capitals of the European countries (2024)


  1. Council of Europe (2024). Member States of the Council of Europe. Available [HERE].
  2. European Union (2024). Member States, candidates and other European countries. Available [HERE].
  3. United Nations (2024). Geographic regions. Available [HERE].
  4. Royal Spanish Academy (2010). The Orthography of the Spanish Language. Pages 721-728. Document not available online.
  5. Saberespractico.com (2024). Países y capitales de Europa. Text in Spanish. Avaliable [HERE].
  6. Wikipedia.org (2024). Europe > Map with the location of all the current European countries. Avaliable [HERE].
  7. Wikipedia.org (2024). Kosovo. Avaliable [HERE].

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