Capitals of the European countries (2024)

European countries1. INTRODUCTION

Below you can find a list with all the current European countries and their capitals (2024).

I hope you find the information interesting.




  1. Albania: Tirana
  2. Andorra: Andorra La Vieja
  3. Armenia (*): Yerevan
  4. Austria: Vienna
  5. Azerbaijan (*): Baku
  6. Belarus: Minsk
  7. Belgium: Brussels
  8. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo
  9. Bulgaria: Sofia
  10. Croatia: Zagreb
  11. Cyprus (*): Nicosia
  12. Czech Republic: Prague
  13. Denmark: Copenhagen
  14. Estonia: Tallinn
  15. Finland: Helsinki
  16. France: Paris
  17. Georgia (*): Tbilisi
  18. Germany: Berlin
  19. Greece: Athens
  20. Hungary: Budapest
  21. Iceland: Reykjavik
  22. Ireland: Dublin
  23. Italy: Rome
  24. Kazakhstan (*): Astana
  25. Latvia: Riga
  26. Liechtenstein: Vaduz
  27. Lithuania: Vilnius
  28. Luxembourg: Luxembourg
  29. Macedonia: Skopje
  30. Malta: Valletta
  31. Moldova: Chisinau
  32. Monaco: Monaco
  33. Montenegro: Podgorica
  34. Norway: Oslo
  35. Poland: Warsaw
  36. Portugal: Lisbon
  37. Romania: Bucharest
  38. Russia (*): Moscow
  39. San Marino: San Marino
  40. Serbia: Belgrade
  41. Slovakia: Bratislava
  42. Slovenia: Ljubljana
  43. Spain: Madrid
  44. Sweden: Stockholm
  45. Switzerland: Bern
  46. The Netherlands: Amsterdam
  47. Turkey (*): Ankara
  48. Ukraine: Kiev
  49. United Kingdom: London
  50. Vatican City: Vatican City

(*) Those countries with an asterisk are geographically or politically Eurasian countries. More information [HERE].



European countries

Location of the European countries. (*) Kosovo is not a sovereign country. More info [HERE].


  • Kosovo is not a sovereign country (yet) as its territory is currently disputed with Serbia. It is not a member of the United Nation and only 57 % of all the world countries recognize it as a sovereign state (110 out of 194).
  • Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia: politically they can be considered European countries (they belong to the Council of Europe¹ and the European Union considers them European countries²); geographically they are Eurasian countries (located in the Caucasus, imaginary limit between Europe and Asia).
  • Cyprus: politically it is a European country (it is a member state of the European Union²); geographically, it is an Asian country3 and 4.
  • Kazakhstan: Politically, it is usually considered an Asian country3 and 4; geographically it is a Eurasian country (the majority of the country is located in Asia except for the western part located west of the Ural River).
  • Russia: politically it has influence both in Europe and in Asia (the European Union considers it a European country², the RSA considers it Eurasian4); geographically it has 40% of its territory in Europe.
  • Turkey: politically it can be considered a European country (it is a candidate member to join the European Union²); Geographically the majority of the country is located in Asia with the exception of the East Thrace region.



  1. Council of Europe (2024). Member States of the Council of Europe. Available [HERE].
  2. European Union (2024). Member States, candidates and other European countries. Available [HERE].
  3. United Nations (2024). Geographic regions. Available [HERE].
  4. Royal Spanish Academy (2010). The Orthography of the Spanish Language. Pages 721-728. Document not available online.
  5. Saberespractico.com (2024). Países y capitales de Europa. Text in Spanish. Avaliable [HERE].
  6. Wikipedia.org (2024). Europe > Map with the location of all the current European countries. Avaliable [HERE].
  7. Wikipedia.org (2024). Kosovo. Avaliable [HERE].

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