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How many countries are there?

countries of the world1. INTRODUCTION

How many countries are in the world? What are they?

In this post I leave a list with all the sovereign states of the world in alphabetical order (point 2) and a section of clarifications in which I explain why some territories are not included (point 3).

I hope you find it useful. If you have any questions, please leave a comment!

 

2. LIST OF ALL THE OFFICIAL COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD (2018)

In the world there are currently 194 sovereign countries (countries recognized by the UN with self-government and complete independence). These are:

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Albania
  3. Algeria
  4. Andorra
  5. Angola
  6. Antigua and Barbuda
  7. Argentina
  8. Armenia
  9. Australia
  10. Austria
  11. Azerbaijan
  12. Bahamas
  13. Bahrain
  14. Bangladesh
  15. Barbados
  16. Belarus
  17. Belgium
  18. Belize
  19. Benin
  20. Bhutan
  21. Bolivia
  22. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  23. Botswana
  24. Brazil
  25. Brunei
  26. Bulgaria
  27. Burkina Faso
  28. Burma / Myanmar
  29. Burundi
  30. Cambodia
  31. Cameroon
  32. Canada
  33. Cape Verde
  34. Central African Republic
  35. Chad
  36. Chile
  37. China
  38. Colombia
  39. Comoros
  40. Costa Rica
  41. Croatia
  42. Cuba
  43. Cyprus
  44. Czech Republic
  45. Democratic Republic of Congo
  46. Denmark
  47. Djibouti
  48. Dominica
  49. Dominican Republic
  50. East Timor
  51. Ecuador
  52. Egypt
  53. El Salvador
  54. Equatorial Guinea
  55. Eritrea
  56. Estonia
  57. Ethiopia
  58. Fiji
  59. Finland
  60. France
  61. Gabon
  62. Gambia
  63. Georgia
  64. Germany
  65. Ghana
  66. Greece
  67. Grenada
  68. Guatemala
  69. Guinea
  70. Guinea-Bissau
  71. Guyana
  72. Haiti
  73. Honduras
  74. Hungary
  75. Iceland
  76. India
  77. Indonesia
  78. Iran
  79. Iraq
  80. Ireland
  81. Israel
  82. Italy
  83. Ivory Coast
  84. Jamaica
  85. Japan
  86. Jordan
  87. Kazakhstan
  88. Kenya
  89. Kiribati
  90. Kuwait
  91. Kyrgyzstan
  92. Laos
  93. Latvia
  94. Lebanon
  95. Lesotho
  96. Liberia
  97. Libya
  98. Liechtenstein
  99. Lithuania
  100. Luxembourg
  101. Madagascar
  102. Malawi
  103. Malaysia
  104. Maldives
  105. Mali
  106. Malta
  107. Marshall Islands
  108. Mauricio
  109. Mauritania
  110. Mexico
  111. Micronesia
  112. Moldova
  113. Monaco
  114. Mongolia
  115. Montenegro
  116. Morocco
  117. Mozambique
  118. Namibia
  119. Nauru
  120. Nepal
  121. Netherlands
  122. New Zealand
  123. Nicaragua
  124. Niger
  125. Nigeria
  126. North Korea
  127. Norway
  128. Oman
  129. Pakistan
  130. Palau
  131. Panama
  132. Papua New Guinea
  133. Paraguay
  134. Peru
  135. Philippines
  136. Poland
  137. Portugal
  138. Qatar
  139. Republic of Macedonia
  140. Republic of the Congo
  141. Romania
  142. Russia
  143. Rwanda
  144. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  145. Samoa
  146. San Marino
  147. Sao Tome and Principe
  148. Saudi Arabia
  149. Senegal
  150. Serbia
  151. Seychelles
  152. Sierra Leone
  153. Singapore
  154. Slovakia
  155. Slovenia
  156. Solomon Islands
  157. Somalia
  158. South Africa
  159. South Korea
  160. South Sudan
  161. Spain
  162. Sri Lanka
  163. St. Lucia
  164. St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  165. Sudan
  166. Surinam
  167. Swaziland
  168. Sweden
  169. Switzerland
  170. Syria
  171. Tajikistan
  172. Tanzania
  173. Thailand
  174. Togo
  175. Tonga
  176. Trinidad and Tobago
  177. Tunisia
  178. Turkey
  179. Turkmenistan
  180. Tuvalu
  181. Uganda
  182. Ukraine
  183. United Arab Emirates
  184. United Kingdom
  185. United States of America
  186. Uruguay
  187. Uzbekistan
  188. Vanuatu
  189. Vatican City
  190. Venezuela
  191. Vietnam
  192. Yemen
  193. Zambia
  194. Zimbabwe

 

3. CLARIFICATIONS

  • The United Nations is composed of 193 member states (you can reference them HERE). We must add the Vatican City, which although it is acting as an observer member in the organization, is still a fully recognized as an independent country (193 + 1 = 194).
  • The State of Palestine, also an observer member, can not be included as a sovereign country because its recognition is limited and it is not a completely independent country (part of it is under Israeli occupation). More info [HERE].
  • Kosovo is not a territory recognized by international unanimity (claimed by Serbia). More info [HERE].
  • The Western Sahara is a territory colonized for the most part by Morocco and its sovereignty is in dispute between the Moroccan people and the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. More info [HERE].
  • Taiwan and Hong Kong are not independent or internationally recognized territories (claimed by China). More info [HERE] and [HERE].
  • French Guiana is an overseas territory belonging to France (it is not a sovereign country).
  • England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are part of one official country: the United Kingdom.
  • Greenland is not a country. It belongs to Denmark (European country).
  • Holland appears on the list with its official name: Netherlands.

 

4. ANY DOUBT?

Leave a comment!

 

5. REFERENCES

  • United Nations (2018). Member States. Avaliable [HERE].
  • Wikipedia.org (2018). International recognition of the State of Palestine. Avaliable [HERE].
  • Wikipedia.org (2018). International recognition of Kosovo. Avaliable [HERE].
  • Wikipedia.org (2018). Political status of Western Sahara. Avaliable [HERE].
  • Wikipedia.org (2018). Political status of Taiwan. Avaliable [HERE].
  • Wikipedia.org (2018). Politics of Hong Kong. Avaliable [HERE].
  • Saber es práctico (2018). ¿Cuántos países hay en el mundo? (2018). Text in spanish. Avaliable [HERE].
 
 

Javier

PhD in Education. From Spain. Living everywhere. Passionate about learning and sharing. Welcome to Learner Trip!

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